Agreement Turkey Libya

8 avril 2021 - 3 minutes read

The agreement « was registered with the Secretariat in accordance with Article 102 of the United Nations Charter, » the registration deed said on Wednesday. Greece on Thursday downplayed an announcement by Turkey that its agreement on maritime borders with Libya had been registered by the UN secretariat. « The registration and publication of all types of agreements submitted by states to the UN secretariat is a formal and technical procedure that does not confer legitimacy and does not imply the recognition of the United Nations, » he said from a diplomatic source. The same sources stressed that the memorandum between Turkey and Libya was « illegal and non-aary ». Turkey and the Tripoli-based Government of the National Agreement (GNA) signed the maritime agreement and a military cooperation agreement in November 2019. as stated by the Foreign Affairs Council of 9 December 2019 and the conclusions of the European Council of 12 and 13 December 2019, this agreement poses a threat to the stability of the region, in addition to violating the sovereign rights of third countries and violating the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea; The issue of border delimitation in the eastern Mediterranean has unique factors that must be taken into account when borders are defined. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNDSC) proposes a fair and legitimate distribution of maritime resources and the delimitation of maritime borders. While the geographical conditions of the region are at the heart of disputes over EEZs in the eastern Mediterranean, the policies of nations, in particular, are contrary to the convention`s fundamental principles, such as the principles of « justice, » « non-intervention » and « equitable geographical distribution. » The international legal order of the EEZ was governed by Articles 55-57 of Part V of UNCLOS of 1982. According to Article 57 of the Convention, « the exclusive economic zone shall not extend to more than 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the width of the sea of the coast is measured. » Since the distance between countries is less than 400 nautical miles in the region, the EEZ borders can only be determined by agreements between several states and, furthermore, the islands cannot have full control over the EEZs, so they cannot declare their sovereignty.