In 1951, before Germany became a member of NATO, the United States and Germany reached an agreement67 on the assurances required by the Mutual Security Act of 1951.68 Germany joined NATO in 1955 and in the same year concluded a mutual defence assistance agreement,69, which requires the United States to « provide such equipment, materials. » services. 70 While NATO SOFA offers complete language for determining jurisdiction, the United States has registered many sofas that appear to have a very fundamental rule for determining jurisdiction. Some agreements contain a single sentence that U.S. personnel must grant equivalent status to the administrative and technical staff of the U.S. Embassy in that country. The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 18 April 1961 establishes classes of personnel of different levels of legal protection.30 Administrative and technical personnel benefit in particular from the « immunity of the criminal jurisdiction of the host state ». 31 Therefore, a SOFA that treats U.S. personnel as administrative and technical personnel while in the host country grants immunity from criminal jurisdiction. In the 1950s, almost 40 years before the 1991 Persian Gulf War, the United States entered into a series of agreements with Iraq, including (1) a military aid agreement (T.I.A.S.
3108). Convention of April 21, 1954; (2) an agreement on the provision of military equipment and equipment provided under the Military Assistance Agreement (T.I.A.S. 3289). Agreement of July 25, 1955); and (3) an economic aid agreement (T.I.A.S. 3835. agreement of 18 and 22 May 1957). However, in response to the revolution of 14 July 1958 and the subsequent modification of the Iraqi government, the United States agreed to terminate the aforementioned agreements (10 U.S.T.1415; T.I.A.S. 4289; 357 U.N.T.S. 153. Exchange of notes in Baghdad, May 30 and July 7, 1959. It came into force on July 21, 1959).
1984: SOFA 1993: Additional agreement on the temporary transfer to Granada for exercises or activities approved by both governments according to the usual procedures.